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The City of Madinah and Its Historical Relevance in Islam


Besides Makkah, Madinah Munawarrah (“the enlightened city”) is the second most sacred city in Islam. It is the location that provided sanctuary to the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) as well as the earliest Muslims during their exodus from Makkah. It also contains the location of the Prophet’s (S.A.W) grave.

An oasis town dated back to the sixth century BCE. During the third century CE warfare among Jews and Romans, numerous Jews abandoned Jerusalem and relocated to Yathrib, their ancient home.

In 213 CE

In 213 CE, Nero dispatched a strong Roman force led by Petra Lenidas to Madinah to kill the Jews. A settlement persisted, and by the period the Prophet (S.A.W) moved, there was a significant Jewish presence in the country. The Jews awaited the advent of a prophet who, as per their religious texts, would emerge in Madinah. They often used to mock the native Arabs.

That when he actually arrived. The Jews would exterminate the pagans. Therefore, when they understood. Their vanity overcame them, and they spurned him, despite the fact that the Quran indicates that they recognized him as they recognize their sons. In it is mentioned in a Quranic Verse that: Those to whom We gave the Scripture know him as they know their own sons. But indeed, a party of them conceal the truth while they know [it]. (Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 146)

Despite this, various Jews converted to Islam, most prominently Hussain bin Salam, among their most knowledgeable Rabbis.

When the Prophet (P.B.U.H) moved to Madinah, he was not unacquainted with the city. His father, Abdullah, was laid to rest there. He had traveled there before with his mother Aminah (R.A) and their beloved slave girl Baraka when he was six years old. That girl name is Umme Ayman.

Afterward in life. He told how he began to swim at a pool owned by his cousins, with whom they had visited. And how the boys helped him to fly a kite as well. But, when they began to travel back his mother became quite ill. She died a couple of days later at Abwa. its is not from Yathrib and was buried there. Barakah did everything she could to soothe the kid and took him back to Makkah.

A year prior to the evacuation. The Prophet (S.A.W) sent Mus’ab bin Umair (R.A) on a quest to spread Islam (Tableegh) among the inhabitants of Madinah. Madinah is located 210 miles (340 kilometers) in the north of Makkah. Madinah was around the size of the current masjid and the accompanying white tiled region during the time of the Prophet (P.B.U.H).

Ahadith Related to Madinah

It is narrated Anas:

Whenever the Prophet () returned from a journey and observed the walls of Medina, he would make his Mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e. a horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Medina. (Sahih al-Bukhari 1886)


When we came to Medina, and it was an unhealthy, uncongenial place, Abu Bakr fell sick and Bilal also fell sick. And when Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saw the illness of his Companions he said: O Allah, make Medina as congenial to us as you made Mecca congenial or more than that; make it conducive to health, and bless us in its sa’ and in its Mudd, and transfer its fever to al-Juhfa. (Sahih Muslim 1376a)

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and Medina, and there will be no entrance (road) (of both Mecca and Medina). But the angels will be standing in rows guarding it against him. And then Medina will shake with its inhabitants thrice (i.e. three earthquakes will take place) and Allah will expel all the non-believers and the hypocrites from it.” (Sahih al-Bukhari 1881)

Narrated by Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Messenger () said, “Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger). (Sahih al-Bukhari 1876)

No doubt, in Islam the city of Madinah holds immense significance. It has the most beautiful and second largest mosque named Masjid-e-Nabwi. Muslims visit this city when they come to Makkah in order to perform Umrah. There are a lot of Ziyarats in this city that rejuvenates the faith of Muslims. Muslims get September Umrah packages and also visit this mesmerizing country. Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) is buried.

About Author:

I am Sitara Gul, born Muslim, right now living in United Kingdom. My love for Islam is from childhood, I don’t see it as a religion but the way of my life. I love researching and writing. Currently, I am writing for Muslims holy Travel and they have some amazing range of Hajj & Umrah packages and Halal holidays too.

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